Tuesday, 27 June 2017

National Latin Mass Pilgrimage to Armagh 2017

To mark the 10th Anniversary of Summorum Pontificum the Catholic Heritage Association of Ireland made our second pilgrimage to St. Patrick's Cathedral, Armagh.  A report of the first pilgrimage can be read here.  It was a truly National Pilgrimage with members coming from Antrim, Armagh, Cavan, Clare, Cork, Donegal, Dublin, Galway, Kildare, Limerick, Louth, Meath, Monaghan, Wexford and Wicklow - the Four Provinces of Ireland all represented - to assist at Holy Mass and attend our Annual General Meeting held afterwards in the Synod Hall attached to the Cathedral.

However, one element of the pilgrimage above all made it a most blessed occasion, the presence of His Eminence Seán, Cardinal Brady, Archbishop Emeritus of Armagh, to celebrate the Mass.  In his homily, Cardinal Brady reminded the congregation that the Traditional Latin Mass had been the Mass of his Altar service, of his First Communion and Confirmation, and of his Ordination and his First Mass.  He also reminded us that this day, the feast of St. John the Baptist, was his own feast day.  Cardinal Brady is to attend the Consistory on 28th June with Our Holy Father, Pope Francis.  His Eminence was assisted by Fr. Aidan McCann, C.C., who was ordained in the Cathedral only two years ago.  It was a great privilege and joy for the members and friends of the Catholic Heritage Association to share so many grace-filled associations with Cardinal Brady and Fr. McCann and the Armagh Cathedral community.

Tuesday, 30 May 2017

Pilgrimage to Loughrea Cathedral 2017

On 27th May last members of the Catholic Heritage Association and friends from far and near made a pilgrimage to St. Brendan's Cathedral, Loughrea, for a Traditional Latin Mass.  I was very struck by the kind hospitality of the Cathedral team and to the gentle reverence of the Liturgy that we joined.

If you haven't been to Loughrea Cathedral - and one of the best things about the Catholic Heritage Association is that we devoutly go where few have gone before - you really should see this magnificent House of God.  While almost all of our Churches - prayers in stone - are in the language of Greece or Rome or the simple words of poverty a few have tried to recapture something that is distinctly Irish.  St. Brendan's is predominantly gothic, which is an imported style, rather than the hiberno-romanesque that may be considered a native by adoption in the earliest days of stone church building, but by a happy combination of circumstances it contains so much fruit of the late nineteenth century Celtic revival.

The foundation stone of the cathedral was laid on October 10, 1897, and took six years to complete. The basic fabric is to the design of William Byrne. The cathedral features stained glass windows from An Túr Gloine, the famous Irish stained glass studio, including Michael Healy's Saint Simeon, Madonna and Child, Saint Anthony and Saint John, St. Joseph, Christ the King, Our Lady Queen of Heaven, The Ascension and The Last Judgement, a Saint Brigid window by Evie Hone, an Annunciation, Agony in the Garden, Resurrection, Baptism in the Jordan, St. Ita, St. Patrick and Centurion of Great Faith, all by Childe. There is also a statue of the Blessed Virgin Mary by John Hughes, bronze angels by Michael Shortall and metalwork including communion rails, nave lanterns and stands by William Scott and Michael Shortall. The Stations of the Cross are mosaics by Ethel Rhind. The cathedral was very sensitively reordered with almost nothing removed - except the fine Episcopal Throne now reigning in solitary splendor in the porch under the tower.

Saturday, 22 April 2017

The Early Modern Bishops of Clonfert

The following is taken from Fr. Thomas Walsh's History of the Irish Hierarchy at p. 309-10:

According to de Burgo, bishop of Ossory, Richard Nangle was advanced by King Henry VIII but was superseded by Clement VII. Roland de Burgo was promoted by the bull of this Pontiff in October 1534 and Roland died in 1580 worn out with age and infirmity.

Thaddeus O'Ferrall, a Dominican, was promoted in 1587 to this see in the pontificate of Sixtus V. In his old age he was as anxious as in the spring of life to propagate the Catholic faith for which he undertook much labor. He died at Kinsale in the year 1602.

John Burke translated to Tuam A.D. 1646, Walter Lynch acting as Vicar Apostolic. Walter Lynch, the vicar Apostolic of Tuam, was bishop of Clonfert, a doctor of both laws, civil and canon. He died in exile at Raab in Hungary.

Thaddeus MacKeogh was bishop of Clonfert in 1671, was a Dominican of the abbey of Roscommon. Having finished his studies in Spain at Pampeluna and having preached in his native country during a series of years with great spiritual profit, he went to London during the persecution of Cromwell and remained some months with Ulick de Burgo, marquis of Clanrickard. When promoted to the see of Clonfert he immediately returned and governed his flock sixteen years as a most vigilant pastor and died A.D. 1687, and was buried at Kilcorban.

Maurice Donnellan, bishop in 1698.

Ambrose O'Madden in 1701.

Peter Donnellan bishop in 1742.

Andrew O'Donnellan, coadjutor in 1776, succeeded in 1777, died in 1780.

Philip O'Heily, bishop in 1780.

William Coyle, soadjutor in 1780, succeeded 1781, died in 1787.

Thomas Costello, consecrated in 1787, died in 1831.

Thomas Coen, a dean of Maynooth was bishop of Milevi and coadjutor bishop of Clonfert in 1816. Succeeded in 1831 and died in the summer of 1847.

John Deny having finished his studies at Maynooth as a firstrate student being under age for ordination was appointed junior dean of the college. Subsequently joined the mission of his native diocese and was promoted to the see and consecrated on the 21st of September 1847.

Sunday, 19 February 2017

The Medieval Bishops of Clonfert

The following is taken from Fr. Thomas Walsh's History of the Irish Hierarchy at p. 309-10:

Thomas O'Kelley, a secular priest, was bishop of Clonfert in October, 1347, and died in 1377.

Maurice O'Kelley also a secular priest, was consecrated in 1378 and was translated to the see of Tuam by Pope Boniface IX in 1394.

David Corre, a Franciscan, was provided by the Pope on the 20th of March, 1398.

William O'Cormacain, archbishop of Tuam, having neglected to expedite his bull of translation, it is said through grief, Thomas O'Kelley, a Dominican remarkable for his piety and liberality was bishop of Clonfert in 1415, was translated to Tuam in 1438. He erected the parish church of Cloonkeen into a convent of Franciscans of the third order at the instance of David and John Imulkerill, professors of the order. He died in 1441.

John O'Heyne, a minorite and provincial of the order in Ireland, succeeded by provision of Pope Eugene IV on the 19th of July, 1438, he sat about four years.

Thomas de Burgo, bishop of Clonfert, sat in 1444 and with the consent of his chapter granted the chapel of the Blessed Virgin at Kilcorbain to the friars of St Dominick at the request of John Fitzrery. Pope Eugene IV confirmed the grant on the 12th of March, 1444. This prelate died in 1446 and was buried at Athenry.

Cornelius O'Mulledy or Mullaly, a Franciscan friar, was promoted to the see by Pope Nicholas V on the 22d of May, 1447, and immediately after was translated to the see of Emly.

It seems that John With was bishop of Clonfert as the bull of Pope Nicholas V expressly calls him so when Cornelius was promoted but he resigned voluntarily through his proctor, Cornelius O'Mulledy.

Cornelius O'Cunlis, a Franciscan friar and bishop of Emly, was by the Pope translated to this see in September, 1448. He lived afterwards in Rome A.D. 1469.

Mathew MacCraih was bishop of Clonfert in 1482. He died at the Franciscan convent, Kilbought, in the county of Galway and was buried in Kilcomaing A.D. 1507. He was a man in high esteem for his many virtues.

David de Burgo, a secular priest provided by Pope Julius II, died in 1508, the year after his promotion.

Denis O Moore, called by Ware and Harris a Franciscan, was of the Dominican family and was provided by Pope Julius II in 1509, as appears from the pontifical bull he was a bachelor of divinit.y Ware and Harris affirm that he was living in July, 1518, but it is probable that he lived until the year 1534.

Thursday, 15 December 2016

The Early Bishops of Clonfert

The following is taken from Fr. Thomas Walsh's History of the Irish Hierarchy at p. 308:

St. Fintan Corach who flourished at this period [c. 571] was bishop of Clonfert. He had previously presided over a church in a place called Leam chuil in Leinster. It is stated that he either founded or governed a church at Cluainmaithin in Leix or Clonenagh. He became abbot of St. Brendan's and bishop of the see. His death is marked on the 21st of February but the year of his death is unknown or its place.

Senach Garb succeeded as abbot and bishop. He died in 621. St. Colman, the son of Comgel, was bishop of Clonfert and it seems died the same year with his predecessor.

Cumin Foda the Long, son of Feachna and grandson of Fiacrius a prince of West Munster, is said to have been promoted to the see of Clonfert by Guaire MacColman, which he governed with great wisdom. He died on the 12th of November 662.

Rutmel, prince and bishop of Clonfert died in 825.

Cathal MacCormac the eminent bishop of Clonfert died in 861.

Cormac MacAidan, bishop of Clonfert, died AD 921.

Giolla MacAiblen, comorban of Brendan, died in 1166.

Peter O'Moor, a Cistercian monk and abbot of Grelachdinach, afterwards Boyle, was bishop of Clonfert and a man of high esteem for many virtues. He was drowned in the Shannon on the 27th of December, 1171.

Maelisa MacAward sat a very short time having died A.D. 1173.

Malcallan, son of Adam, bishop of Clonfert died in 1186.

Donald O'Find, comorban of Clonfert and Brendan, died in 1195.

A bishop Ó Cormacain died at Clonfert in 1204 but the name of his see is not given.

Thomas, bishop of Clonfert, died in 1248.

Cormac or Charles Ó Lumlin, bishop of Clonfert, was highly esteemed for his probity and learning. He died at an advanced age in 1259.

Thomas O Kelley succeeded. He was a great benefactor to the church of the Dominicans at Athenry, where he is interred, having died in January, 1263.

John, who was an Italian and the Pope's nuncio, succeeded to the see of Clonfert in 1266 and was consecrated at Athenry. In the following year he went to Rome. He presided many years and was translated to the see of Benavento in Italy. He is classed among the principal benefactors to the church of Clonfert.

In 1296, William O'Duffy, bishop of Clonfert, fell from his horse and died in consequence.

Robert succeeded in 1296, was a monk of Christ church, Canterbury. He sat eleven years and died AD 1307.

Gregory O'Brogy was unanimously elected by the chapter, was dean of the cathedral. He sat eleven years and died in 1319.

Robert le Petit, a minorite, was elected by the dean and chapter on the 10th of February 1319, was deprived in two years, was afterwards promoted to the see of Enaghdune by provision of the Pope on the 18th of November, 1325, and obtained the temporals in June, 1326.

John O'Lean, archdeacon of Tuam, succeeded in 1322 by provision of the Pope. He died on the 7th of April, 1336. The see of Clonfert was kept vacant and the temporals of this see and that of Enaghdune given in custody to John de Exeter and Elias Tullesan on the death of Thomas O'Malley and continued so until the 10th year of King Edward III, A.D. 1346.

Thursday, 22 September 2016

Clonfert Abbey

The following is taken from Fr. Thomas Walsh's History of the Irish Hierarchy at p. 452-3:

AD 570 died Moena who was intended as the successor of Brendan

AD 590 Fintan Corach was abbot and bishop

AD 744 Clonfert was destroyed by fire

AD 801 died the abbot Murdoch

AD 839 the Danes burned the abbey and slew the abbot

AD 845 Turgesius the Danish tyrant was guilty of the most horrid depredations He burned the churches and the dwellings of the religious Turgesius was afterwards seized by some native nobles who dressed themselves in female attire and who drowned him in Lough Ree

AD 867 died Cormac the Wise the economist and writer of Clonfert

AD 945 Ceallachan king of Cashell and Donough his son presented to this abbey the spoils they had taken from the Danes

AD 1170 died Cormac Hua Lomluin the divinity lecturer of this abbey and the most learned Irishman of his time

AD 1201 the abbey and town were pillaged by William de Burgo who again in 1204 plundered it

Henry O Gormocain was the abbot at the time of the general suppression he never surrendered but kept possession of the temporalities until his death though the king united them to the bishopric Immediately on the decease of Henry William O Gormacam supported by the O Maddens procured the abbey from the Pope and retained possession thereof till the year 1567 in which the temporals were divided between the bishop and abbot This abbey paid the bishop 20s procurations for the rectory of Clonfert

Wednesday, 18 May 2016

St. Moena of Clonfert

The following is taken from Fr. Thomas Walsh's History of the Irish Hierarchy at p. 308:

[The See of Clonfert] was founded about the year 550. Some are of opinion that Saint Brendan was the first bishop because Saint Moena is called his successor in the calendar of Cashel but St. Brendan's establishment having become so extensive that a bishop was necessary to ordain missionaries and assist the founder, St. Brendan, in its government, Saint Moena, it seems, was the person who was chosen by Brendan on this occasion and who afterwards founded the see of Clonfert. In its cathedral were seven altars. There is much confusion in the accounts relative to St. Moena it is probable that he was a native of Britanny and came to Ireland with St. Brendan on his return from that country. Moena's death is noted on the 1st of March A.D. 571.

Wednesday, 23 March 2016

St. Brendan of Clonfert

The following is taken from Fr. Thomas Walsh's History of the Irish Hierarchy at p. 451:

Clonfert in the barony of Longford and near the river Shannon and a bishop's see. Saint Brendan of Clonfert had been according to some authorities a native of Connaught but the more ancient and consistent accounts assure us that he was born in Kerry. His father was Finloga of the distinguished family of Hua Alta. Brendan was born in the year 484 and is said to have received his education under a bishop Ercus. We are also assured that he studied theology under Saint Jarlath of Tuam who was then old and infirm or rather conferred with the bishop of Tuam on those religious subjects he is also said to have attended lectures in the great school of Clonard under Finnian who was then probably as old as Brendan himself.

To atone for the death of a person who had been drowned and to which melancholy event Brendan feared he had involuntarily contributed he is said to have gone to Brittany through the advice of Saint Ita who it seems was a relative of his.  It is said that when he was a year old the bishop Ercus placed him under the care of this celebrated virgin and that he was reared by her during the space of five years. Having paid a visit to Gildas who was then living in that country and advanced in years and who retired to Brittany also between the years 520 and 530, he went to another part of Brittany where he formed a monastery or school at Ailech, the ancient Alectum, and at present St. Malo. It is also added that he erected a church in a place called Heth, somewhere in the same province.

According to some accounts the famous voyages of this saint took place after his arrival in Brittany but according to the Irish authorities they were undertaken from a port in Kerry, Brendan's hill, and had been terminated before his departure from Ireland to that country. With regard to those voyages it can be admitted that Saint Brendan sailed in company with some other persons towards the west in search of some island or country the existence of which had been known. St. Barriutlms and Mernoc, a disciple of his, are said to have been in that country and it is added that the account given of it by Saint Barrinthus induced Brendan to undertake his voyage. In that account it is represented as a western country or island but yet so large that although they traversed it for fifteen days they could not reach the end of it. The direction of Brendan's voyage is said to have been "contra solstitium aestivale" by which is probably meant the north west point, alluding to the setting of the sun in summer. After fifteen days sailing the wind ceased and the navigators though there was wind now and then left the vessel to itself without knowing its course. It could have thus arrived in America and an idea one would suppose existed that there had been a western country far distant from Ireland. Another native of Munster who will be noticed in his proper place set out from his home resolved to undertake a similar voyage in quest of an unknown island. It is said that Saint Brendan laid in provisions for fifty days which proves that his voyage was considered a long one. His voyages are said to have continued for seven years.

Soon after his return from Britanny he founded the monastery of Clonfert. For this monastery and others connected with it, Brendan drew up a particular rule which was observed for many centuries by his successors having been particularly esteemed as an angel is said to have been the dictator of it to Brendan. He presided over three thousand monks partly at Clonfert and in other houses of his institution in different parts of Ireland, all of whom maintained themselves, like St. Paul, by the labor of their own hands.

He established a nunnery at Enachdune over which his sister Briga presided as abbess. Another cell was erected by him in Innisquin an island of Lough Corrib. At a late period of his life he paid a visit to St. Columbkille in one of the western isles of Scotland. St. Brendan died at Enaghdune in his sisters' nunnery on the 16th of May, A.D. 577, and in the 94th year of his age.

From that place his remains were conveyed to Clonfert and there interred. This great saint is usually styled abbot. St. Patrick, when in the south of Ireland, foretold that the great Brendan would be born in West Munster Kerry The church of Ardfert was dedicated under his name.

Wednesday, 27 January 2016

Aughrim Abbey

The following is taken from Fr. Thomas Walsh's History of the Irish Hierarchy at p. 445:

Aughrim in the barony of Kilconnell and about four miles east of Ballinasloe. An abbey for canons regular of St. Augustine under the invocation of St. Catharine was founded according to some authorities in the 13th century by Theobald, the first butler of Ireland. When the monastery was suppressed its property was granted to Richard, earl of Clanrickard, and his heirs in capite at the yearly rent of £68 9s 6d.

Saturday, 26 September 2015

High Mass for Galway Cathedral 50th Anniversary

This afternoon, members and friends of the Catholic Heritage Association of Ireland gathered for an historic High Mass in the Gregorian Rite to mark the 50th Anniversary of the dedication of Galway Cathedral.  The Mass was offered for the benefactors of the Catholic Heritage Association of Ireland.

Given the date, months after the Instruction 'Inter Ocumenici' (26th September, 1964), and the Decree of the Congregation of Rites (27th January, 1965) issuing the 'interim' Missal, it is likely that today's Mass was the very first time that Mass was celebrated using the Missal of 1962 in Galway Cathedral.

Priests from several Dioceses and servers from several branches of the Catholic Heritage Association around Ireland were very ably accompanied by the Lassus Scholars of the Dublin Choral Foundation for the Mass of the Ember Saturday in September.

On the previous day, a very successful training day for Priests on the celebration of Mass in the Gregorian Rite was organised by the Catholic Heritage Association, again in Galway Cathedral, with the support of the Archdiocese of Tuam and the Diocese of Galway, and a further series of training days are planned for the Western Dioceses in the coming months.

Galway Cathedral is the eighth Cathedral in which the Catholic Heritage Association has organised a pilgrimage with Mass in the Gregorian Rite in the past year.  Two further pilgrimages to Cathedrals, including Traditional Latin Masses are scheduled for October.  The Catholic Heritage Association of Ireland now has branches based in half of Ireland's 26 Dioceses.

The Diocese of Galway is the youngest Diocese in Ireland.  While most of our native Dioceses date from the Synods of Ráth Breasail (1111) or Kells (1152), the Diocese of Galway didn't come into being until much later.  In 1485, Pope Innocent VIII created the Wardenship of Galway, a quasi-diocesan structure removed from the Ordinary jurisdiction of the Archbishops of Tuam.  Only in 1831 did it become a Diocese, later to be joined with Kilfenora and perpetual Apostolic Administration of Kilmacduagh (1883).

The Diocese is young in another sense.  The population of the Diocese has doubled since 1950, 91% of them being Catholic.  Thanks to the presence of the National University of Ireland, Galway, and Galway Mayo Institute of Technology, 17% of the population are students and 30% are aged between 15 and 24 years.

The youngest Diocese in the Country also has the youngest Cathedral.  The Cathedral of Our Lady Assumed into Heaven and Saint Nicholas was built upon the site of Galway gaol, which was, as Dr. Browne, the then Bishop of Galway wrote: "...Now that the site has become available, I submit to you there could be no more noble or more fitting use than to erect on it a Cathedral in thanksgiving to God, Who sustained our people in their days of trial. A Cathedral replacing a jail is the most perfect symbol of the triumph of a people who were proscribed for being Irish and Catholic. A noble Cathedral on this site would be also a fine addition to the beauty and dignity of this City of Galway, and an object of pride to all in the country..."

The Cathedral is built upon Nun's Island in the River Corrib, which was granted by the City Council of Galway on 10th July, 1649, to the Poor Clare Nuns, whose present Convent on the site has been in continuous occupation since 1825.

Construction of the Cathedral began in 1958 in an eclectic style that was a fusion of baroque, gothic and American missionary styles.  It was the last Catholic Cathedral to be built in Ireland - although a few Dioceses still retain their Pro-Cathedrals in expectation - and the last Cathedral in Europe to be built of stone.  The Cathedral was dedicated on 15th August, 1965.  Richard, Cardinal Cushing, Archbishop of Boston, was the Papal Legate.

The Diocese also has a regular Gregorian Rite Mass offered every Sunday at 2.30 p.m. in the Dominican Church, the Claddagh, by Canons of the Institute of Christ the King.